Casinos bring in billions of dollars each year for the companies, investors and Native American tribes that own them. They also generate millions for the state, city and local governments that tax them. And they create thousands of jobs in a variety of fields, including gambling, tourism and entertainment. The word casino comes from the Latin word causatia, meaning “to play games.” It’s used to refer to any place where people can gamble for money or items. These places include massive resorts and smaller card rooms in taverns and bars. They can also be found on boats, in racetracks and at racinos (combined casinos and horse racing tracks).
Unlike horse racing, which is regulated by the federal government, gambling in casinos is left to private businesses and citizens to run. In the past, organized crime figures controlled many casinos in Nevada and elsewhere because they had lots of money from drug dealing and extortion rackets. Mob-controlled casinos had a seamy reputation that made legitimate businessmen reluctant to get involved in them. But after the Mob was swept away by federal raids and legal crackdowns, real estate investors and hotel chains began to realize that they could make big bucks by investing in casino development.
The earliest casinos were very small, and most were just roomy card rooms with a few tables and machines. Today, however, they often feature elaborate, exotic decor and a wide array of games. Some have restaurants, stage shows and other entertainment options. Some casinos even offer vacation packages to lure customers.
Some of the world’s largest casinos are found in Las Vegas, but there are others in cities and towns around the globe. The elegant spa town of Baden-Baden, Germany, for example, first became a playground for European royalty and the aristocracy over 150 years ago, and its casino is one of the most lavish in Europe.
A casino’s primary goal is to keep its patrons happy, and that includes providing plenty of food and drinks. They also try to minimize their patrons’ awareness of the passage of time by keeping the lighting low and not displaying clocks. In addition, the colors of casino walls and floors are designed to stimulate the senses and promote gambling excitement.
Another way a casino tries to keep its patrons happy is by offering high-tech security measures. For instance, chip tracking allows them to monitor the exact amounts wagered minute-by-minute and warn players of any anomalies; roulette wheels are electronically monitored regularly to discover statistical deviations quickly. And surveillance cameras are everywhere, ensuring that no one can hide anything from the security team. Despite these precautions, it’s not unusual for people to try to cheat or steal in casinos. But casino security personnel have learned to recognize the telltale signs of these activities. The routines and patterns of different casino games — how the dealer shuffles and deals the cards, where bets are placed on the table, and expected reactions to certain situations — all have their own language that makes it easy for trained personnel to spot suspicious behavior.